A bunion is a deformity of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint of the big toe in which the metatarsal bone shifts inward, away from the rest of the foot and the big toe shifts outward, towards the other toes. This results in a “crooked” big toe. As a result, the tissues around the MTP joint can become irritated and painful
The treatment of bunions should be based upon the amount of pain and the degree of deformity. The most common ways to treat and prevent bunions are:
- Wear shoes with a low heel and adequate room in the toe area
- Medications to reduce inflammation and pain
- Splinting or protective devices
- Metatarsal insoles
if the above measures are not successful, surgery may be required.